MOVE, The * Hamburg, Starclub 17.01.1969
Informationen german + english
America , 1967 in Bushey City, Großbritannien, gegründet, verkörperte den amerikanischen Traum in Rock-Dimensionen: den Aufstieg vom jobsuchenden Schüler zum Hitparaden-Anführer. Die Gruppenmitglieder Dewey Bunnell (voc, g), geboren am 19. Januar 1951 in Yorkshire, England, Gerry Beckley (voc, g), geboren am 12. September 1952 in Fort Worth, Texas, und Dan Peek (voc, g), geboren am 1. November 1950 in Panama City, wuchsen als Kinder von US Air Force-Soldaten in England auf. Kurz nachdem sie sich zu einem Gitarren-Trio zusammengetan hatten, erhielten sie durch Vermittlung des Discjockeys Jeff Dexter einen Vertrag mit der Plattenfirma Warner Brothers und konnten auch gleich ihre erste LP produzieren. Das Debütalbum und eine gesondert eingespielte Single (A Horse With No Name) erreichten im Frühjahr 1972, bereits sechs Wochen nach der Veröffentlichung, die Spitzenplätze in den Hitparaden ihres Heimatlandes. Der schnelle Erfolg von America bei den Rock-Interessierten ließ vermuten, wie sehr dort die aufgelöste Formation Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young vermißt wurde, deren Sound die drei Auslandsamerikaner mehr oder minder unbewußt mit Sorgfalt nachspielten. 1973 zog das Trio nach Kalifornien und wurde auf Empfehlung Neil Youngs von dessen Management-Firma betreut. Trotz all der Publicity, die America fortan genoß, konnte der Dreierbund kein dezidiertes Image aufbauen, das ihn vom Gros der anderen Soft Rock-Gruppen unterschied. Immerhin bröckelte das Konsumenten-Interesse kaum ab; die Umsätze weiterer angenehm professionell gefertigter Alben blieben relativ konstant. 1977 verließ Dan Peek America, stellte als "wiedergeborener Christ" sein Soft Rock-Talent in den Dienst musikalischer Glaubensverkündigung und hatte ein Jahr später mit der Single All Things Are Possible einen US-Hit. Bunnell und Beckley machten als America weiter, veröffentlichten bis Mitte der achtziger Jahre Platten und spielten auf Tourneen, die sie auch in den neunziger Jahren noch regelmäßig unternahmen, ihre alten Hits. Einen Plattenvertrag erhielten sie erst 1994 wieder: Bei American Gramophone nahmen sie Hourglass auf, die gewohnte Mischung von Folk, Country und Pop. 1995 musizierten sie auf der Gala zum 35jährigen Jubiläum der New Yorker Clubs Bitter End und unternahmen anschließend noch einmal eine Nordamerikatournee.
LPs auf Warner Bros.:
Die Band wurde Ende 1965 gegründet als eine Art Supergroup der Birminghamer Musikszene von Carl Wayne (Gesang), Chris 'Ace' Kefford (E-Bass) und Bev Bevan (Drums), alle von Carl Wayne and the Vikings, Roy Wood (Gitarre) von Mike Sheridan and the Nightriders (kurz darauf umbenannt in Idle Race), Trevor Burton (Gitarre) von Danny King and the Mayfair Set.
Die Gruppe wurde dank der starken Promotion ihres Managers Tony Secunda, der auch für Moody Blues arbeitete, schnell über Birmingham hinaus bekannt. Sie hatten bald regelmäßige Auftritte im Londoner Marquee Club und wurden mit The Who verglichen. 1967 kam die erste Single "Night of Fear" heraus, die, wie die meisten Stücke, von Roy Wood geschrieben wurde. Secunda stolperte über einen kleinen Skandal, weil die Gruppe vom britischen Premierminister Harold Wilson wegen Verunglimpfung verklagt wurde, nachdem er zum Erscheinen der Single "Flowers in the Rain" eine anstößige Werbe-Postkarte veröffentlicht hatte. Die Tantiemen für das Stück gehen noch heute zu Wohltätigkeitsorganisationen. Neuer Manager wurde nun Don Arden.
1968 erschien die erste LP "The Move". Kurz danach verließ Kefford die Band. Burton spielte daraufhin Bass. Auch er verließ die Gruppe noch vor der nächsten LP "Shazam" 1970 und wurde durch Rick Price ersetzt. Es gab offenbar längere Zeit Uneinigkeit über die musikalische Richtung. Die einzige US-Tour verlief enttäuschend. Damit war The Move wohl die einzige britische Topgruppe der 1960er Jahre, die in Amerika nicht ankam. Für kurze Zeit übernahm Peter Walsh das Management, der die Gruppe in eine Comedy-Richtung führen wollte. Carl Wayne, der diese Richtung bevorzugte, drohte nach dem Flop der Single Wild Tiger Woman seinen Abgang an, falls nicht demnächst ein Nr. 1-Hit folgen würde. Dieser kam prompt mit Blackberry Way. Ein Jahr später ging Carl Wayne dennoch. Für ihn kam Jeff Lynne von der Gruppe "Idle Race", bei der früher Roy Wood gespielt hatte, als sie noch den Namen "Mike Sheridan and the Nightriders" trug. Don Arden über die Gruppe wieder. Das erste Stück, auf dem Lynne mitspielte, ist Brontosaurus. In der neuen Besetzung wurde das Album "Looking On" aufgenommen. Das letzte Album "Message from the Country", schon ohne Rick Price, erschien schließlich 1971.
Jeff Lynne war The Move nur beigetreten, weil ihm die Bildung einer neuen Band zugesagt worden war. Rick Price gefiel diese Neuorientierung nicht und verließ die Gruppe, weil es lange Zeit kaum noch zu Auftritten kam. Auf dem ersten ELO-Stück spielt er noch mit.
Zunächst parallel zu The Move verfolgten die drei verbliebenen Musiker ab 1971 das Projekt Electric Light Orchestra (ELO), eine Band, die Woods experimentellen Ambitionen und multiinstrumentellen Fähigkeiten entgegenkam. The Move geriet darüber in den Hintergrund und wurde 1972 nach Veröffentlichung der letzten Single California Man aufgelöst. Roy Wood trennte sich allerdings schon nach der ersten LP wieder vom Electric Light Orchestra und übernahm die vertraglichen Verpflichtungen von The Move mit der Gruppe Wizzard, bei der auch Rick Price wieder mitspielte.
Im Jahr 2007 erschienen die beiden Alben "The Move" und "Shazam" erstmals auf CD.
Offensichtlich war man sich bei der britischen Firma bewusst, dass man den Move-Katalog dramatisch aufwerten muss, wenn man ihn neu herausbringt. Weitere Alben sowie eine Box sollen folgen. Und wenn auch diese sich auf solch hohem Niveau bewegen - zumal auch die Covergestaltung vorbildlich ist - kann man sich noch auf einiges freuen
The Move were led by guitarist, singer and songwriter Roy Wood (although Chris "Ace" Kefford was their original leader), who composed all the group's UK singles and from 1968 also sang lead vocal on many of them (although Carl Wayne was their lead singer). They were extremely successful in Britain in their early career, scoring nine Top 20 UK singles in five years, but they were not as well known in the United States, mainly because they did not tour there until the latter part of their career. Nevertheless, they have been credited as an influence on many later groups on both sides of the Atlantic.
The group evolved from several mid 1960s Birmingham based groups, including Carl Wayne and the Vikings, the Nightriders and the Mayfair Set. Strongly influenced by The Beatles, Motown and the emerging American 'West Coast' sound, The Move quickly established a reputation as one of the most accomplished and exciting live acts of the period. The group's name seems to refer to the move various members of these bands made to form the group. Beside Wood, the original members of The Move in 1966 were drummer Bev Bevan, bassist Chris "Ace" Kefford, vocalist Carl Wayne and guitarist Trevor Burton. The concluding members in 1972 were the trio of Wood, Bevan and guitarist-pianist Jeff Lynne, who transitioned the group into The Electric Light Orchestra.
Their early career was marked by a series of publicity stunts, high-profile media events and outrageous stage antics masterminded by their manager, the flamboyant Tony Secunda, such as Wayne's taking an axe to television sets, Cadillacs and busts of Adolf Hitler and Rhodesian leader Ian Smith. They played their first shows in early 1966, and became known for their elaborate vocal arrangements, and for their taste in soul music, and American West Coast bands The Beach Boys, the Byrds, Love and Moby Grape. Their manager, Secunda (who also managed Birmingham's other major pop group of the day, The Moody Blues), got them a weekly residency at London's Marquee Club which had recently been vacated by The Who where they appeared dressed in gangster regalia, however the band members reportedly remained resident in the Midlands. They secured a production contract with independent record producer Denny Cordell (Joe Cocker, Procol Harum) but even this was turned into a media event by Secunda, who famously arranged for the band to sign their contracts on the back of a topless female model. Roy Wood wrote their first single, "Night of Fear", a Number 2 hit in the UK singles chart in January 1967 which began the Move's practice of musical quotation (in this case, the 1812 Overture by Tchaikovsky). Their second single, "I Can Hear the Grass Grow", was another major hit, reaching Number 5 in the UK.
"Flowers in the Rain" was the first track played on Radio 1, when it began broadcasting on 30 September 1967, introduced by Tony Blackburn. The song, which reached Number 2, was less guitar-oriented than their previous two singles, and featured an inventive woodwind arrangement by producer Tony Visconti. The song generated controversy when the band were sued by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Harold Wilson, for libel after Secunda produced a cartoon postcard to promote the single of Wilson in bed with his secretary, Marcia Williams, with whom he was allegedly having an affair. The group lost the court case and had to pay all costs, with all royalties earned by the song being given to charities of Wilson's choice, a ruling which remained in force even after Wilson's death in 1995. For their fourth single, the group had planned to release "Cherry Blossom Clinic", a lighthearted song about the fantasies of a patient in a mental institution, backed by the satirical "Vote For Me". However, they had been thoroughly unnerved by their court experiences; they and the record company felt it unwise to pursue such a potentially controversial idea, and the single was shelved. "Vote For Me" remained unreleased until it began to appear on retrospective collections from 1997 onwards, while "Cherry Blossom Clinic" became one of the tracks on their first LP, also called The Move.
As a consequence of the lawsuit fiasco, The Move fired Tony Secunda as manager and hired Don Arden. In a 2000 interview, Carl Wayne noted that there had been a major split within the group about Secunda's tactics: "[Secunda] had the animals who would do what he wanted to do in Trevor, Ace, and me – the fiery part of the stage act. I think Roy would obviously qualify this himself, but I believe he was slightly embarrassed by the image and the stunts – but the rest of us weren’t.... We were always willing to be Secunda puppets."
In March 1968 they returned to the charts in style with "Fire Brigade", another UK top three hit, and the first on which Roy Wood sang lead vocal. But a few weeks later, around the time of the LP's release, Kefford left the band due to increasing personal and musical differences and formed his own group, the Ace Kefford Stand, with Cozy Powell on drums. The Move became a four-piece, with Burton switching to bass.
It was also during this line-up transition that the band first invited Jeff Lynne, a friend of Wood's, to join. He declined at the time, still working toward success in his current band the Idle Race, another Birmingham based group.
In the summer of 1968 their fifth single "Wild Tiger Woman", a much heavier song acknowledging the group's love of Jimi Hendrix (Wood and Burton sang backing vocals on "You've Got Me Floating", on the Jimi Hendrix Experience's second album, Axis: Bold As Love), sold poorly and failed to make the top 50, a disaster as it followed four top five hits. The Move responded with their most commercial number yet, the evergreen "Blackberry Way" (produced by Jimmy Miller), which topped the UK chart in February 1969.
This new, more easy-listening musical direction was the last straw for the increasingly disenchanted Burton, who wanted to work in a more hard rock/blues oriented style, and he left the group after an altercation on stage one evening with Bev Bevan. At around this time it was rumoured in the music press that Hank Marvin of the recently disbanded Shadows had been invited to join The Move. Some years later Wayne said that this was nothing more than a publicity stunt; however, Marvin himself, in an article in Melody Maker in 1973 and elsewhere, has maintained that he was definitely approached by Wood and invited to join The Move, but declined because The Move's schedule was too hectic for him. Burton was ultimately replaced by Rick Price, another veteran of several Birmingham rock groups.
Ace Kefford and Trevor Burton struggled commercially after leaving The Move. Kefford recorded a solo album in 1968 after his departure, but it remained unreleased until 2003 when it appeared as "Ace The Face". Burton played bass with yet another Birmingham group, The Steve Gibbons Band, and later fronted his own blues group as lead guitarist.
During this period Arden sold The Move's management contract to Peter Walsh. Walsh, who specialized in cabaret acts, began booking the band into cabaret-style venues unsuitable for "power pop" rockers such as The Move, which further increased the tension between band leaders Carl Wayne and Roy Wood.
1970's Shazam continued The Move's practice of musical quotation and of elaborately re-arranged versions of other performer's songs. "Hello Susie", which was a top five hit for Amen Corner in 1969, quotes Booker T. Jones' and Eddie Floyd's "Big Bird," and the album includes a cover of a Tom Paxton song, "The Last Thing on My Mind". It also included a slightly slower remake of "Cherry Blossom Clinic" that began in with a proto-metallic grind and finished with an acoustic guitar-dominated extended quotation from Johann Sebastian Bach's "Joy".
According to the same 2000 interview, Wayne devised a plan to revive the group's fortunes by bringing Burton and Kefford back in; well aware that Wood was intent on setting up his new orchestral rock project (which became ELO), he suggested that Wood could concentrate on performing with his new band while continuing to write songs for The Move. However his suggestion was bluntly rejected by the other three members, so Wayne finally quit the group in January 1970. He subsequently worked in a variety of musical ventures and appeared on TV and radio. In 2000 he replaced Allan Clarke as lead singer of The Hollies and performed with them as lead singer until his untimely death from cancer in 2004.
Upon Wayne's departure, The Move promptly jettisoned Walsh as manager and returned to Arden. Jeff Lynne joined for good, as Wood realized that he needed a second composer in the band to relieve the pressure on himself, and the band toured England with Arden's Black Sabbath. From this period came the hard-rocking third album Looking On (1970), with all songs composed by Wood except for two by Lynne. The album included a #7 hit, Wood's "Brontosaurus", which was the band's last recording for Regal Zonophone, but its harder-rock focus came as a surprise to many longtime fans. The second single from the album, "When Alice Comes Back to the Farm," failed to chart.
During the lengthy recording sessions for the next album, which included continuous overdubbing of new instruments by Wood and Lynne while the rest of the group idled, Rick Price left to form the band Mongrel, Price later joined Wood in Wizzard, and the shortlived Roy Wood's Wizzo Band, playing steel guitar for the latter, then went to work in musical management, and also formed the duo Price and Lee with Dianne Lee formerly of the duo Peters and Lee. The remaining members -- Wood, Lynne and Bevan -- completed the final Move LP, the eclectic Message From The Country (1971). Lynne's compositions displayed a strong Beatles and Bee Gees influence. Wood's "Ben Crawley Steel Company" featured a Bev Bevan lead vocal that was obviously modeled on Johnny Cash, while Bevan's "Don't Mess Me Up" (sung by Wood) paid homage to Elvis Presley, complete with fake Jordanaires. In 2005 Bevan referred to this album as his least favorite from The Move.
The album was followed by two more Wood-penned hit singles, "Tonight" and "Chinatown". For several television appearances behind these songs, The Move added two musicians who became members of the group after its transition into ELO: Bill Hunt (horns, winds, piano) and Richard Tandy (guitar, bass).
As the release of the first Electric Light Orchestra album drew near, The Move released what turned out to be a farewell disc, a "maxi-single" in 1972 consisting of "California Man", "Ella James" (from Message), and "Do Ya." "California Man", a Number 7 UK hit featuring baritone saxophones, a double bass, and a riff borrowed from George Gershwin, was an affectionate tribute to Jerry Lee Lewis (the double bass had "Killer," Lewis' nickname, written on it) with Lynne and Wood trading verses and lines. It was one of the first records to kick off the 1950s rock and roll revival in the early 1970s in Britain. Like all UK Move hits, it was a Roy Wood composition. Meanwhile, Lynne's "Do Ya" became the Move's best-known song in the U.S.; it was The Move's only song to reach the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart, if only the lower rungs (#93). (The Electric Light Orchestra's remake of "Do Ya," recorded after Wood's departure, was a significant US hit in 1977).
With the release of the album The Electric Light Orchestra, The Move completed its transition into ELO. Wood and Lynne were joint leaders; it was Wood who played many of the album's classical instruments (such as cello and flute), with Lynne on piano, and articles of the time discussing the new group noted how Wood would repeatedly overdub until he had become more familiar with each instrument. The group recruited new musicians to recreate their sound live, retaining the Move trio at the center, and started recording tracks for a second album.
But after several disappointing live performances and growing disagreements about musical direction, Wood decided to leave and form his own band, catching Lynne by surprise. Wood's aspirations to combine rock and jazz elements, incorporating saxophone players such as himself, seemed at odds with the group's experimental classical style and Lynne's desire to keep touring until the band jelled. Of the eleven ELO songs recorded by both Wood and Lynne, seven were Lynne compositions, which may also have contributed to Wood's unrest.
Wood released a solo album in 1973, Boulders, and went on to front the glam rock band Wizzard, while Lynne and Bevan kept touring and finally achieved massive success with The Electric Light Orchestra.
Although never as popular in the United States as they were in their native England, the Move were a seminal pop/rock group of the era, and are often cited as one of the main progenitors of power pop. Cheap Trick recorded a version of "California Man" on their Heaven Tonight LP, while Glen Matlock of the Sex Pistols admitted that one of the guitar riffs on "God Save The Queen" was inspired by that on "Fire Brigade".
In 1997, the single "Feel Too Good" was featured on the soundtrack of the American movie Boogie Nights, and in 2006 the single "Do Ya" was featured on a U.S. TV commercial, giving The Move a long-overdue burst of success in America, which had been elusive during their existence.
In 2004, after the death of Carl Wayne, Bev Bevan formed The Bev Bevan Band, soon renamed as Bev Bevan's Move (without any other past members) to capitalize on The Move's continuing reputation and belated success. Bevan recruited bassist Phil Tree and former ELO Part II colleagues, guitarist Phil Bates and keyboard player Neil Lockwood, to play a set comprising mostly The Move classics on tour.
Former Move guitarist Trevor Burton joined the band on occasion during 2006 and joined permanently in 2007. Bates departed in July 2007 to rejoin ELO Part II, now renamed The Orchestra and was replaced with Gordon Healer. The Autumn 2007 tour is billed as "The Move featuring Trevor Burton and Bev Bevan".
Cover versions of songs by The Move
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Weitere Band aus dem Hamburger Starclub: Chris Andrews, Birds & Bees, Eric Burdon, Ray Charles, Eric Clapton, The Creation, Lee Curtis, Dave Dee,Dozy,Beaky,Mick & Tich, Frank Dostal, Easybeats, Equals, The Faces, Chris Farlowe, Ian and the Zodiacs, Kingpins, Rivets - Henner Hoier, Hari-Kari, Ben E.King, The Londoners, The Liverbirds, Mama-Bettys-Band, Manchester Playboys, Frank Zappa, The Move, Rattles, The Nice, Achim Reichel, Remo Four, Screamers, Tony Sheridan, Small Faces, The Smoke, Spencer Davis-Group, VIPs, Spooky Tooth, The Taste, Tremeloes, Troggs, Vanilla Fudge, Walker Brothers, Wonderland, Johnny Young und viele Andere...